Links

Bluetooth Low Energy

Description
Bluetooth Low Energy, or BLE, is used to wirelessly connect two devices to one another. The BLE component allows you to find and connect to BLE devices and to communicate directly with them.
BLE functionality can't be tested with the Thunkable Live app on iOS. To test the BLE functionality in your app on iOS, please download your app.

Add a Bluetooth component to Thunkable

To add a Bluetooth component to your app:
  • Go to your Blocks tab
  • Find the Advanced drawer of blocks. Click the drop-down menu icon to show the Advanced invisible components
  • Click the ⊕ icon next to the Bluetooth drawer
You will see a dialog to create your Bluetooth component. Click Submit to create the component, or Delete to dismiss the dialog without creating the component.

Deleting your Bluetooth Component

Once you have added at least one Bluetooth component to your app, you will be able to view all of your Bluetooth components under the Bluetooth drawer in the Advanced section of the Blocks tab.
To delete a Bluetooth component, click on the ⚙ icon next to the component's name to bring up the properties dialog and click Delete.

Functions

Version 1 of the BLE component in Thunkable ✕ contains 5 functions, each of which are documented in greater detail below.

Scan

This function is used to scan for nearby BLE or Bluetooth enabled devices. Scanning happens for 10 seconds. Once scanning has successfully completed then a list of the available device ids and a list of available names will be returned. If the scanning function can not be completed then an error will be returned.

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
Device IDs
List
Returns a list of the IDs of the available devices
Device Names
List
Returns a list of the names of the available devices
error
Text
Returns an error message from the function

Connect to Device Id

The Connect to Device Id function allows your app to connect to a BLE enabled device based in the Id of that device.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
Device Id
Text
Expects a text string with the device id you want to connect to

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
Device Name
Text
Returns the name of the device you have just connected to
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Connect to Device Name

When you know the name of the BLE device that you want to connect to you can use the Connect to Device Name block to connect directly to it. Please note that device names are not unique and it is relatively easy to change the name of a BLE device.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
Device Name
Text
Expects a text block with the name of the device to connect to

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
Device Id
Text
Returns the ID of the device that you have just connected to
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Disconnect

If connected to another Bluetooth device, this block will disconnect your app from the device.

Receive String

If you have a BLE device that is capable of sending data to another device then you will need to use the Receive String function in your app in order to listen to, or receive, data coming from the BLE device in String format.
You need to be connected to another Bluetooth device in order to use this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
characteristic UUID
Text
Expects a text block with a 32-bit UUID for the BLE type, service or profile required

Outputs

Output Name
Type
Description
data (string)
Text
Returns a string containing the information received from the BLE device
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Receive Byte Array

If you have a BLE device that is capable of sending data to another device then you will need to use the Receive Byte Array function in your app in order to listen to, or receive, data coming from the BLE device in Byte Array format.
You need to be connected to another Bluetooth device in order to use this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
characteristic UUID
Text
Expects a text block with a 32-bit UUID for the BLE type, service or profile required

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
data (byte array)
array (list) of bytes
Returns a byte array containing the information received from the BLE device
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Listen for Disconnection

This asynchronous function listens for when your device disconnects from a named Bluetooth device.
You can program some events to happen when your device disconnects from the named device in the then do section of this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
Device ID
Text
Unique ID of the bluetooth device to listen for disconnection with

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
Error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Transmit String

Use this block to send data as a string of text to a BLE device.
You need to be connected to another Bluetooth device in order to use this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
characteristic UUID
Text
Expects a text block with a 32-bit UUID for the BLE type, service or profile required
data
Text
Expects a text block with the message that you want to send to your BLE device

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Transmit Byte Array

Use this block to send data as an array (list) of bytes to a BLE device.
You need to be connected to another Bluetooth device in order to use this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
characteristic UUID
Text
Expects a text block with a 32-bit UUID for the BLE type, service or profile required
data
array (list) of bytes
Expects a text block with the message that you want to send to your BLE device

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null

Transmit Hexadecimal

Use this block to send data in hexadecimal format to a BLE device.
You need to be connected to another Bluetooth device in order to use this block.

Inputs

Input Name
Data Type
Description
characteristic UUID
Text
Expects a text block with a 32-bit UUID for the BLE type, service or profile required
data (hexadecimal)
data in hexadecimal format
Expects a text block with the message that you want to send to your BLE device

Outputs

Output Name
Data Type
Description
error
Text
If an error message is returned, returns the error. Else returns null